Failing to use available science is costly and harmful; it leads to overuse of unhelpful care, underuse of effective care, and errors in execution. De-implementation is a highly important, increasingly studied field in implementation science.


  • Van Bodegom-Vos, L., Davidoff, F., & Marang-van de Mheen, P. J. (2017). Implementation and de-implementation: two sides of the same coin?. BMJ quality & safety26(6), 495-501.
  • Niven, D. J., Mrklas, K. J., Holodinsky, J. K., Straus, S. E., Hemmelgarn, B. R., Jeffs, L. P., & Stelfox, H. T. (2015). Towards understanding the de-adoption of low-value clinical practices: a scoping review. BMC medicine13(1), 1-21.
  • Grimshaw, J. M., Patey, A. M., Kirkham, K. R., Hall, A., Dowling, S. K., Rodondi, N., ... & Bhatia, R. S. (2020). De-implementing wisely: developing the evidence base to reduce low-value care. BMJ quality & safety29(5), 409-417.


Chapter overview

  1. Connect with implementation scientists
  2. Introduction to Implementation Science
  3. Implementation theories, models & frameworks
  4. Implementation research methods, designs, measures & publishing
  5. Implementation strategies
  6. Dissemination
  7. De-implementation
  8. Sustainability
  9. Participatory research & stakeholder engagement
  10. Implementation Science in NL